The Rules of Chess Game: A Game that it's Ea...

The Rules of Chess Game: A Game that it's Easy to Learn but Hard to Master
by Liam Bern

While we know that the rules of the chess game have existed in various forms for over 1500 years, its origins aren't completely clear. The rules reached their current form in the 19th century, and gained a single owner when the World Federation of Chess (FIDE) was formed in 1924. Despite the game's reputation as a difficult game, these rules are relatively easy to learn.

In chess, a piece moves into vacant squares, unless they are capturing an opponent's piece. When capturing, they replace the opponent's piece, and you can remove that piece from the board. After you've set up the chess board with all the White and Black pieces in their starting positions, you'll need to know how each piece moves:
  • Rooks can only move up and down or left and right, any number of empty squares.
  • Bishops can only move diagonally, any number of empty squares.
  • The queen moves any number of empty squares in any direction: up, down, left, right, or diagonally.
  • The king can only move a distance of one square, but in any direction.
  • Knights move in an L pattern: two squares in one direction, and then one square in another direction. Knights can hop over pieces in between the starting and ending square.
  • The first time a pawn moves, it can move one or two squares forward. After that it can only move one square forward. However, a pawn can only capture a piece on a forward diagonal.
The Basic Rules Of Chess You Need to Get Acquainted With

There are a few special rules of chess games, including pawn promotion, en passant, and castling. These are more advanced, to be learned after you've mastered the basic rules of chess.

When you put one of your pieces in position to capture your opponent's king during your next move, your opponent's king is in check. Your opponent's next move must be to move out of check. Your opponent can capture the threatening piece, move his king out of check, or move one of his pieces to block the threat. If you place your opponent's king in check, and there is no way for your opponent to move out of check, then you have checkmated your opponent. You win!

At any time, if you don't feel you can win the game, you can resign. The game can also end in a draw. The most common ways to draw are: by agreement with your opponent; a stalemate, where one player is unable to make a legal move when it is his turn; or when there aren't enough pieces on the board for one player to checkmate the other.

It's often said that the rules of chess games take one minute to learn, and a lifetime to master. While that principle applies to other games, like poker, it holds best for chess: once you learn the rules of chess, you can start playing games right away!

About the Author

Liam is a chess enthusiast and owns an online hobby shop. Take a look inside his site for more helpful tips and great offers of Special unique chess sets and themed chess sets.